What is Gynecomastia? Causes, Treatments, and Symptoms
What is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is a condition that causes an increase in the amount of breast gland tissues, especially in boys or men. This condition is mainly caused by the imbalance of estrogen and testosterone, the hormone in the human body. Sometimes, Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, but sometimes it is uneven. Men, boys going through adolescence or newborn babies are at risk of Gynecomastia if there is any change in their hormone levels.
However, It’s not a serious condition and can be treated using the latest medical advancements. Treatment is the better option as chances are there to develop enduring pain in breasts which would be hard for them to cope with. Sometimes, Gynecomastia may go away on its own. And if it continues to grow, medication or surgery may help.
Symptoms of Gynecomastia / How to identify Gynecomastia?
The signs and symptoms of gynecomastia may vary from person to person. However, there are some common signs that you should not avoid. They are as follows
- Swollen breasts
- Tenderness in breast
- Pain in breasts
When to see a doctor?
Seek medical assistance from your doctor if you have enlarged swelling or pain in your breasts. Sometimes, you may find nipple discharge from both the breasts. If so, never be late to fix an appointment with your doctor.
What are the causes of Gynecomastia?
Like said above, hormonal imbalance is the major reason that causes Gynecomastia in men. A decrease in the amount of testosterone compared with estrogen may lead to the swelling of your breasts. This can be because of medical conditions in which the effects of testosterone are blocked, reducing testosterone level in your body and increasing your estrogen level.
Let us check what are the other factors that upset the hormone imbalance leading to Gynecomastia.
In humans, sex characteristics are controlled by testosterone and estrogen. While testosterone controls male traits, estrogen controls female traits. When it comes to testosterone, it usually controls muscle mass and body hair.
Meanwhile, estrogen is what helps the growth of breasts and other feminine characteristics. When estrogen level increases abnormally in a male’s body, breasts grow to cause Gynecomastia. You should keep in mind that estrogen is not exclusively a female hormone and it is developed in males also.
How to get rid of Gynecomastia in Infants?
Newborns are also prone to this condition and as per stats, more than half of male infants are born with enlarged breasts. This happens because of the effects of their mother’s estrogen. Normally, the swollen breast tissue goes away within two to three weeks after birth.
How to get rid of Gynecomastia during Puberty?
Puberty is a major change that happens in both men and women during a particular age. During this time, hormonal changes are common. If the condition prevails, for a long time, you can seek medical attention. In most of the cases, the swollen breast tissue will go away without any treatment.
How to get rid of Gynecomastia in Adults?
In adults, Gynecomastia is at it peak between the ages of 50 and 69. As per stats, 1 in 4 men in this age group is affected by Gynecomastia.
Can Medications Cause Gynecomastia?
A number of medications can also cause this disease, including Anti-androgens which are used to treat prostrate problems.
Anabolic steroids, prescribed by doctors to treat certain medical conditions also cause Gynecomastia.
Athletes and sports persons who illegally use such steroids to build muscles are actually prone to such disorders. Moreover, this condition can develop in men who are HIV-positive. Those who are under antiretroviral therapy may also get affected by this condition. Other medications include
- Anti-anxiety medications
- Tricyclic antidepressants.
- Ulcer medications
- Cancer treatment.
- Heart medications
- Stomach-emptying medications
Treatment for Gynecomastia / How to cure gynecomastia?
There are various treatment methods available to treat Gynecomastia. One of the common methods is surgery.
This is an invasive technique and is done by putting an incision under the patient’s breast. It requires long time to recover after the surgery as well.
Another treatment method is Reduction Mammoplasty and it is effective when the condition is detected early. While doing mammoplasty, there will be a scar but it will be inconspicuous.
Gynecomastia Treatment in Kerala
Gynecomastia treatment in Kerala has now become a common treatment method for men and boys. More than a health issue, this condition is such an embarrassing situation for them. While the breast tissues get swell up, obviously the breasts will be enlarged, providing an uncomfortable and awkward feeling for them. Also known as male boobs, this condition keeps the patients away from swimming and other such activities.
More than a health issue, this condition is such an embarrassing situation for them. While the breast tissues get swell up, obviously the breasts will be enlarged, providing an uncomfortable and awkward feeling for them. Also known as male boobs, this condition keeps the patients away from swimming and other such activities.
Those who are suffering from this condition has now a perfect reason to be happy. TLC Aesthetica offers you better treatment for Gynecomastia. The Trilipo treatment done by our expert doctors is considered the most effective treatment method for this condition.